The Colca Canyon is the canyon of the Colca River in southern Peru and is considered to be the world's deepest canyon. It is located about 100 miles (160 kilometers) northwest of Arequipa. Parts of the canyon are habitable, and Inca and pre-Inca terraces are still cultivated along the less precipitous canyon walls. The small town of Chivay is on the upper Colca River, where the canyon is not so deep but where many terraces are present in the canyon and continue for many kilometers downstream. The Colca Canyon is also the habitat of the great South American condor.
The Colca Canyon can be reached by car from Arequipa in about 3 hours. From the Colca Canyon it is a half day drive to Lake Titicaca, through beautiful high Andean scenery, making it the perfect waypoint on your trip across Southern Peru.