Cartagena's massive Fortifications shipped all the Conquistadores Gold and Silver across the Atantic
In Colombia, one can go from perpetual snow to the beaches of the Caribbean, enjoy the company of friendly country folk in the Andean highlands, or in warmer climes, and even participate in the fiestas of the local inhabitants. The warm beaches of the Caribbean coast, bays lined with coconut palms in the Pacific, the mysterious Amazon jungle, limitless savannas in Orinoquia, a valuable past in colonial architecture and the imposing peaks of the Andes: a universe of destinations that nature lovers can enjoy in some of the 50 national parks that are to be found in every corner of the country. With a long history several sites that bear testimony to its fascinating Indian past. In San Agustín, in the southern of the Colombian Andes, monoliths of volcanic stone representing gods and warriors are preserved.
The Andes Mountains dominate Colombia's landscape, with three ranges running the length of the country from north to south. They divide the country into three major regions: the highland core, the coastal lowlands, and the eastern plains. Colombia is rich in natural resources and beauty. In addition to being the leading producer of emeralds, it also is home to the world's largest platinum deposits. Colombians farm about 150,000 coffee plantations, mostly on the mountain slopes between 2,900 and 5,800 feet above sea level.
Wildlife of Colombia
The country is home to one of the world's greatest varieties of birds, as well as hundreds of different kinds of mammals and thousands of types of insects and plants. The wildlife of Colombia includes the larger South American mammals, such as jaguars, pumas, tapirs, peccaries, anteaters, armadillos & several species of monkeys. Caimans, once numerous along the principal rivers, have now become scarce due to intensive hunting. Many varieties of snakes inhabit the tropical regions of Colombia. Birds include condors, vultures, toucans, parrots, cockatoos, cranes, storks and hummingbirds. Colombia has developed wildlife sanctuaries such as Los Flamencos Wildlife Sanctuary where pink flamingos inhabit shallow water in the coastal lagoons, El Dorado bird reserve at San Lorenzo above Santa Marta.
The 'mestizaje' is not only expressed in the country's traditions, handicrafts and cuisine, but also in its arts, from architecture, painting and sculpture to literature, film and photography, and also including music, dance and theatre. UNESCO's World Heritage Committee has declared Cartagena de Indias, the archeological parks of San Agustín and Tierradentro, and the historical centre of Santa Cruz de Mompox as world heritage sites. Colombian music is enormously varied, that of the Andean region, undoubtedly of Spanish origin, is based on stringed instruments such as the guitar, mandolin and tiple, but to the south of the country it is enriched with the flutes and drums of the chirimías. On the Caribbean coast the 'Vallenato' has imposed itself over ancestral rhythms such as the 'Cumbia'.
Itineraries Featuring Colombia
Find inspiration from these pre-fabricated itineraries, all of which are 100% tailorable to match your personal interests and travel preferences. Start planning your journey with our expert advisors, for first-hand advice and specialist inspiration.
The Santa Fe Tour - Colombia
Private - 9 Nights from £3436
Abundant colonial wealth of silver and gold was shipped to Spain from Cartagena's massive fortress, where you stay in beautiful character hotels. Stay in vibrant Bogota and visit coffee plantationsBogota - Villa de Leyva - Popayan - Cartagena