Belize is made up of two distinct regions called Maya Mountains and Northern Lowlands, and which delight both enthusiasts of fine sandy beaches and lovers of luxurious tropical forests.
The Maya Mountain region represents more than 70% of Belizean landscapes, and is located in the central plains of the country, with its connected basins and plateaus. It consists mainly of mountains covered by untouched hardwood forests thriving with species like mahogany, cedar, and pine. The Mountain Pine Ridge is a wonderful area full of limestone caves, natural pools and hidden waterfalls.
On the other hand, the Northern Lowlands, concentrated on the coast, are filled with rivers and perennial streams with swampy lagoons. In this region, there are eighteen major rivers, the most famous of is the Macal River. The coastline is flat and filled with marshlands to tropical savannah in the Orange Walk Region.
Belize is home to many endemic flora and fauna, with the black orchid as its national flower, and the tapir as the national animal. In the forest area, Belize has wild cats, such as pumas, ocelots, margays, jaguarondis, and jaguars, all protected in the Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary. Some native species like the armadillo, opossum, deer, and monkeys are also present in the forest area, as well as common reptiles like iguana and snakes. It is also famous for its birdwatching, with endemic species such as Wood Storks, Great and Cattle Egrets and Boat-billed and Tri-coloured Herons.
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