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The central Andean region is home to beautiful mountain scenery which can be explored on hikes to Machu Picchu, day trips in the Sacred Valley and boat trips on Lake Titicaca.

Peru is divided into three distinct regions; a thin desert coastal strip, home to the capital Lima, the sprawling Amazon which covers 60% of the country and, separating these two, the high altitude central region. Flanked to the west by the snow-capped mountain chain of the Andes, this area was the heart of the ancient Inca civilisation and is what attracts the vast majority of visitors to Peru’s shores. The fertile Sacred Valley follows the path of the Urubamba River from Pisac to Ollantaytambo and is charactarised by traditional agriculture, ancient Inca ruins and colourful handicraft markets.

Just beyond Ollantaytambo is the start of the four day Inca Trail, winding its way past spectacular mountain passes all the way to the lost Inca citadel of Machu Picchu. Upon reaching the Sun Gate, weary trekkers are presented with their first glimpse of one of the world’s most recognisable travel icons, the same view which Hiram Bingham would have stumbled upon back in 1911 when he rediscovered a site which the Incas managed to keep hidden from the Spanish conquistadors back in the 16th century.

Further south is the start of the Altiplano (High Plain), home to the ancient city of Cusco, the former capital of the Incan empire which sits at 3,400 metres above sea level, and Lake Titicaca, the world's highest navigable lake, shared between Peru and Bolivia.

 

Explore some of our favourite holidays
Suggestions & Recommendations

Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is one of the most recognisable archaeological sites in the world, buried deep in cloud forest.

Sacred Valley of the Incas

Traditional villages, rural landscapes and hilltop Inca ruins bring you closer to Peru's fascinating past and present.

Inca Trail

There are a range of options to follow in the footsteps of ancient Incas on a spectacular trek to Machu Picchu.

Puno & Lake Titicaca

Lake Titicaca's traditional islands are inhabited by communities preserving fascinating customs and unique ways of life.

Colca Canyon

Watch Andean condors soaring in front of your eyes at one of the world's deepest and most beautiful canyons.

Andean Explorer Train

Travel in style on South America's first sleeper train between Cusco and Arequipa, via Lake Titicaca and the Colca Canyon.

Walks and Treks in the Sacred Valley

Our guide to the best day walks and longer treks in the Sacred Valley of the Incas

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