Close to San Ignacio City, this broad upland area of multiple ridges and valleys was used as a ritual site for the Mayan Culture.
The Mountain Pine Reserve is largely situated on a granite massif, with some areas of limestone in the west of the reserve. Close to San Ignacio City, this broad upland area of multiple ridges and valleys was used as a ritual site for the Mayan Culture, but attracts visitors with abundant wildlife from the lowlands; Acorn Woodpeckers, Rufous-capped Warblers, Crossbill and Eastern Bluebirds. The reserve is full of rivers, pools, waterfalls and caves and some parts of the national park have limestone caverns. Of these, the most spectacular is the Rio Frio caves, considered the largest accessible cave in the country and coveted for summer picnics.
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