These wetlands in the north are home to marshland deer, maned wolf, caiman, otters, and many bird species.
Given its wide open nature, the Iberá wetlands is one of the premier wildlife spotting destinations in Latin America. The reserve is the largest protected area in Argentina, a mix of swamps and lagoons which makes up the second largest wetlands in South America. It is fed only by rainwater, creating shallow swaps that are full of vegetation and provide a habitat for a huge array of wildlife. The boat excursions often go in search of marshland deer, maned wolf, caiman, otters, and many species of birds.
In the 17th Century the Jesuits established peaceful settlements of Guarani Indians in an effort to convert them to Catholicism, educate and protect them from Portuguese slave hunters. The ruins of these missions, restored to show the European architecture and ornate stonework of the churches and cloisters, are spectacular evidence of this colonial history.
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