Brazil's capital was the brainchild of President Juscelino Kubitschek, elected in 1955. He wanted to create a 'city of the future', drawing Brazil away from its coastline and populating the empty expanses of the interior of the country. Brasilia is very different from the typical Brazilian cities, what it lacks in history and culture, it makes up for in its exemplary (and often mind-boggling) modern architecture and sheer gumption. The city plan consisted of a central line of government buildings crossed by a curved arc of residential buildings - a layout that resembled the shape of an aeroplane.
Many of the notable public buildings, for which Brasilia is famed, line (or are close to) the Esplanada dos Ministerios. These include the bizarre yet beautiful Metropolitan Cathedral, the pyramid-inspired National Theatre and the Palacio Itamaraty reflected so perfectly in still waters of its pool. Other interesting architectural feats include the stark and minimalist National Congress and the slightly brutal Palacio do Justicia, noteworthy though for the waterfalls which descend its exterior.
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