The Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve is a private nature reserve located in the mountain area of the Continental Divide of Costa Rica (between the Pacific and Caribbean sides), at the end of a long bumpy dirt-road from the nearest town. Monteverde's location determines its climate: humid prevailing air currents from the Caribbean coast strike the mountainside, which cool to produce the high levels of rain and fog that have led to the development of the cloudforest. In some places the wind can be strong and layers of clothing are recommended. The humidity is lower on the Pacific side of the reserve, but the temperature tends to stay between 14-20°C throughout the area.
These conditions have led to a huge degree of biodiversity, with hundreds of species of migrating and endemic birds, including the famous but elusive Resplendent Quetzal. There is also a huge variety of mammals, reptiles and insects. The best time to see the wildlife is on an early morning or evening hike.
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